At the end of last year in Mexico, 6.1 million uninhabited homes were counted, a figure that represents 14 percent of the housing stock in the country, in addition to representing a 22 percent increase, compared to the 5 million abandoned units in 2010 , according to data from INEGI.
Specialists explained that the rise is due to migration, unemployment, violence and even the pandemic, which forced families to leave their homes, due to lack of economic resources to finish paying them, or because they were built in areas of difficult access or poor public services.
Of the five states with the most uninhabited houses, Veracruz registered the largest increase in 10 years with an increase of 64.4 percent, followed by Michoacán with migration of 31.2 percent, Guanajuato with 29.9 percent, Jalisco with 25.9 percent and the State of Mexico with 13.5 percent, in addition to being the entity with the highest unemployment with more than 611 thousand empty houses.
« In the case of the State of Mexico in 2020 there are 5 municipalities that account for a third of the uninhabited housing, Zumpango, Ecatepec, Toluca, Tecámac and Huehuetoca, » reported Louise David, director of the Urban Regeneration Agency (ARU).
Antonio Díaz, founder and CEO of the platform specialized in repossessed and auctioned homes Provive, highlighted that in municipalities such as Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez, Reynosa, Tlajomulco, Tecámac and Ecatepec, the abandonment of housing has encouraged illegal occupation of properties.
“Abandoned homes are very few, because more than 90 percent are illegally occupied by people who are not the owners and almost 30 percent of those people end up buying the house they live in. It is a very serious problem, ”he said.
Provive estimates that there are 800,000 abandoned homes, concentrated in five or six of the largest cities.
The Infonavit detected that there are around 650 thousand abandoned homes belonging to their beneficiaries, of which only 170 thousand are planned to be recovered in this six-year term.
Gene Towle, CEO of Softec, warned that in the last decade the problem of unoccupied housing grew, but argued that far from being a failure it could be a housing solution for people who lost their jobs or due to the delay in the delivery of real estate, for the COVID pandemic.
“The fact that there is vacant housing is good, it allows for labor and family mobility from one city to another. If Mexico is compared with other countries, it is in similar ranges of unemployment, ”said Gene Towle.
In this sense, the specialists point out that a greater intervention on the part of Infonavit and Fovissste, as well as the government and private entities, is necessary to address this problem in the country.
« In October of last year, Infonavit announced that it will launch new housing recovery programs, there are no longer auctions, now all housing recovery programs in areas with high abandonment will have to be urban and social regeneration », added the CEO of Provive.
Looking for a house 10 million
Due to the confinement, the home office and the need for larger spaces as a result of the pandemic, the search for houses online has grown up to 25 percent since the beginning of the emergency, which has caused the migration of thousands of Mexicans to peripheral cities and entities.
« There are at least 10 million Mexicans who have had this uncertainty and curiosity to precisely change their residence, a lot has to do with both the increase in internet use and the need for housing, » said Daniel Narváez, VP of Marketing at Lamudi .
Mexico City is the entity with the highest exodus of chilangos to other cities with cheaper real estate, with 23 percent migration, followed by Veracruz, State of Mexico, Puebla and Jalisco, with 9.2, 6.2, 5 and 4 per cent. cent, respectively.
Alex García, Marketing Director of Inmuebles24 said that in Mexico there is a desire of at least 82 percent of people who want to move out of the city or their places of origin due to the economic effects of the pandemic, the saturation of common spaces and independence of young couples.
He stressed that today the situation of the owners or those who leave their houses find it difficult to sell or lease the spaces at least in half a year, with the risk of being left empty and without income.
« Of these people who want to sell it, 58 percent declare that they see it difficult for it to happen before the next six months, » he concluded.
Also read: Pick ups: the engine that will drive the domestic automotive market